Even his wife, Penelope, literally belongs to her husband.
As abhorrent as that may seem to a modern reader, possession is part of the justification for a double standard when it comes to sexual fidelity.
The more complicated a character is, the more he or she engages these major themes.
Therefore, the most complicated character, Odysseus, appropriately embodies each of the themes to one degree or another.
Civilized people, therefore, make an investment in hospitality to demonstrate their quality as human beings and in hopes that their own people will be treated well when they travel.
Analytical Essay Of The Odyssey Business Review Case Studies Book
Furthermore, communications are very primitive in Homer's world, and strangers bring and receive news.
In his wanderings, Odysseus receives impressive help from the Phaeacians and, initially, from Aeolus.
Circe is of great assistance after Odysseus conquers her, and the Lotus-eaters might be a little too helpful.
Zeus himself, king of the gods, is known as the greatest advocate of hospitality and the suppliants who request it; yet even he allows the sea god Poseidon to punish the Phaeacians for their generous tradition of returning wayfarers to their homelands.
Loyalty/Perseverance Another personal virtue that is a major theme in the epic is loyalty.