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It’s often useful to identify your source in the body of your paper (and not just in your citation or footnote); this identification is especially important when you use material from the Internet.
In a piece of research, ideas taken from other people are indicated by placing the author's surname and the date of publication in rounded brackets (e.g. The bibliography at the end of the document then lists the references in alphabetical order by authors' surnames.
This guide provides instructions and over 130 examples using Harvard referencing.
Some professors will discourage you from using sources you find or access over the Internet.
Although such restrictions may be excessive, there are reasons to be wary.
Knowing more about the author helps readers to assess the source and also, sometimes, to find the source when the website has been moved or revised. In general, we highlight your need to respect authors’ rights, explaining how to give people credit for their ideas while distinguishing your own original contributions.
The general form of a citation from an Internet source is: Author’s name. But the ease of using electronic sources also raises dangers about what might be called rights, leading you to make public words that the original author intended only as private communication.
When listing Internet sources in your References or Works Cited, the most important thing to remember is that your goal is to make it easy for a reader to consult your sources. As you will see in the discussion of specific categories, however, some of these items may be hard to determine.
(This same goal is paramount when listing print sources.) For most sites, that means you should include the URL for the page you cite in your paper (the web address that begins “http”). The ease of using electronic sources of any kind can make it harder to keep track of where the source ends and your original contribution begins—and you must always keep that distinction clear.
But they take extra care to assess and report the provenance of these sources.
In this guide’s discussion of Internet sources, we draw distinctions between various kinds of websites: those sponsored by organizations, those devoted to a single topic, and private websites that are maintained by a single person—often a devoted fan of the topic under discussion.