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Note about Prerequisites: All 300-series courses have a prerequisite of three half courses (or equivalent) in philosophy, with the exception of PHL345H1-349H1, PHL356H1 and PHL357H1.There is also a general prerequisite of 7.5 courses (in any field).
In trying to answer these questions, Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein gave birth to analytic philosophy, developing concepts and methods that have irrevocably shaped the way we think about logic and language, mathematics and the mind. Owen Pikkert Mondays and Wednesdays - This course is an examination of naturalism, roughly the view that all of reality is exclusively or ultimately physical, and only understood through the sciences.
We’ll begin by considering some classics of analytic philosophy on the subject.
Husserl’s work also laid the foundations for the development of existentialism by Heidegger and Sartre.
We will finish the course by discussing the reception of Husserl’s ideas by later thinkers in the phenomenological tradition including Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty.
Before that next class you will then write a reflection on that topic, and we will begin that next class by sharing and discussing your thoughts, before turning to review that week’s new material.
Reading: Aristotle, Evaluation: Weekly reading exercises (10%), in-class entrance & exit tickets (10%), weekly reflection pieces (10%), discussion board participation (4%), in-class and out-of-class engagement (6%), 2 papers (15% each), and a final exam (30%) Prof.Weill will also consider briefly the so-called Middle Platonists, who flourished along with the above schools. Requirements: Two essays, each worth 20%; class participation worth 20%; final examination worth 40%. Lloyd Gerson Monday and Wednesday - This course will focus on Plato’s ethics.All of these philosophies will be examined in the light of their opposition to and appropriation of the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle. We will consider the so-called Socratic paradoxes, e.g., no one does wrong willingly, better to suffer than to do wrong, and a good person cannot be harmed by a bad person.Our in-class discussions will focus on topics decided collectively by you, on the basis of whatever is of most interest to everyone.Each class, after reviewing the week’s assigned reading, we will collaboratively brainstorm a discussion topic on that reading for the following week.Key names in between include Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Zeno, Anaxagoras and Empedocles.Much of our evidence comes to us from thinkers who Plato and Aristotle recognised and engaged with as their predecessors; so the course also helps to understand their agenda in shaping philosophy as a distinct intellectual activity. Evaluation: TBA – but will be based on written research assignments. Lloyd Gerson Monday and Wednesday - This course will focus on what is usually termed Hellenistic philosophy, the period after the death of Aristotle in which numerous philosophical schools flourished.Readings will be drawn primarily from thinkers associated with the Frankfurt School (e.g. Readings: Horkheimer and Adorno, ; further readings TBA Evaluation: Papers (2, 30% each), Final Exam (40%) Prof.Dave Suarez Wednesday - What makes a truth of mathematics true? What enables words and thoughts to refer to things?Then we’ll move on to more particular issues concerning the formulation of naturalism, fundamentality and naturalism, and whether naturalism is ultimately self-defeating.Discussion of such issues will involve many topics of interest in contemporary metaphysics, such as causation, conceivability and possibility, substance, and existence.