He remained active as a writer and lecturer into the 1960s, and died in New York City of congestive heart failure on May 22, 1967.Major Works Despite his prolific output in other genres, Hughes was known primarily as a poet.Tags: Education Is A Key Of Success EssayObjective Of Business PlanShort Essay On Parents DayAmerican Revolution Slavery EssayUkzn Online ThesisPublic Transportation ThesisBuy Essays NowResearch Proposal Procedure
In response to both sets of critics, Hughes once wrote, “I felt the masses of our people had as much in their lives to put into books as did those more fortunate ones who had been born with some means and the ability to work up to a master's degree at a Northern college. I knew only the people I had grown up with, and they weren't people whose shoes were always shined, who had been to Harvard, or who had heard of Bach.
But they seemed to me good people, too.” During the 1960s some of Hughes's younger literary peers were of the opinion that he did not fully embrace the Civil Rights movement. [In the following essay, Neal traces the major themes of Hughes's poetry.] James Mercer Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri, on February 1, 1902.
His second collection, Fine Clothes to the Jew, recognized the everyday struggles of urban black Americans in Harlem who, in pursuit of the American Dream, left behind the overt oppression of the Deep South only to find their dreams denied or set aside indefinitely.
This struggle is characterized in his 1951 book-length poem, Montage of a Dream Deferred.
In 1959, the poet oversaw the compilation of Selected Poems of Langston Hughes.
Two years later Hughes saw the final collection of his own poetry in print, Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz.Biographical Information Hughes was born February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri.During his infancy, his parents separated, and he moved to Lawrence, Kansas, where he was raised primarily by his grandmother.The Panther and the Lash: Poems of Our Time (1967) was in press at the time of his death and, in 1973, Good Morning Revolution: Uncollected Social Protest Writings by Langston Hughes posthumously brought to public attention the depth and range of Hughes's politically controversial verse, essays, and other works from earlier in the century.Yet the definitive volume of Hughes's poetic output is considered by many critics to be The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes (1994).Hughes published a variety of books about African American culture for young readers, including The First Book of Negroes (1952), Famous American Negroes (1954), and Fight for Freedom: The Story of the NAACP (1962).He also published two volumes of autobiography: The Big Sea in 1940, and I Wonder as I Wander, which appeared in 1956.He sought to capture in his poetry the voices, experiences, emotions, and spirit of African Americans of his time.Determined to reflect the everyday lives of the working-class culture, he dealt with such controversial topics as prostitution, racism, lynchings, and teenage pregnancy.He graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania with a B. in 1929, and in 1931 he won the Harmon Gold Medal for Literature with his first novel, Not without Laughter (1930).With this literary success, Hughes decided to pursue a career in writing.