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Active voice, wherein the subjects direct actions rather than let the actions "happen to" them – "he scored a 97%" instead of "he was given a 97%" – is a much more powerful and attention-grabbing way to write.At the same time, unless it is a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns like I, My, or Me.Only then, with the reader’s attention "hooked," should you move on to the thesis.
The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of what you will talk about but also shows them how you will talk about it.
Put a disproportionate amount of effort into this – more than the 20% a simple calculation would suggest – and you will be rewarded accordingly.
For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.
Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible.
The first sentence – the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective.
Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should (ideally) also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together.Before you even get to this thesis statement, for example, the essay should begin with a "hook" that grabs the reader’s attention and makes them want to read on.Examples of effective hooks include relevant quotations ("no man is an island") or surprising statistics ("three out of four doctors report that…").Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant.Here is an example of a body paragraph to continue the essay begun above: Take, by way of example, Thomas Edison.Following the thesis, you should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay.Not only does this tell the reader what to expect in the paragraphs to come but it also gives them a clearer understanding of what the essay is about.Despite the fact that, as Shakespeare said, "the pen is mightier than the sword," the pen itself is not enough to make an effective writer.In fact, though we may all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to effective essay writing." "No man is an island" and, as such, he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences.People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success.