Term Paper Prisons Inmates Increase

Term Paper Prisons Inmates Increase-74
Local elected officials—including state legislators who enacted sentencing policies and, in many places, judges and prosecutors who decided individual cases—were highly attuned to their constituents’ concerns about crime.Under these conditions, punishment policy moved in a more punitive direction.

Local elected officials—including state legislators who enacted sentencing policies and, in many places, judges and prosecutors who decided individual cases—were highly attuned to their constituents’ concerns about crime.Under these conditions, punishment policy moved in a more punitive direction.This provided the context for a series of policy choices—across all branches and levels of government—that significantly increased sentence lengths, required prison time for minor offenses, and intensified punishment for drug crimes.

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Rising crime rates gained a prominent place in national policy debates.

Crime and race sometimes were conflated in political conversation.

It was in these neighborhoods, decades later, where the effects of incarceration were felt most strongly.

Historic changes in politics, race relations, and urban life provided the context in which policy makers wrestled with the crime problem.

These changes in punishment policy—the enactment of mandatory sentence laws, long sentences for violence and repeat offenses, and intensified criminalization of drug-related activity—were the main and proximate drivers of the growth in incarceration.

Term Paper Prisons Inmates Increase

CONCLUSION: The unprecedented rise in incarceration rates can be attributed to an increasingly punitive political climate surrounding criminal justice policy formed in a period of rising crime and rapid social change.

From 1962 to 1972, the annual number of homicides had climbed from 8,530 to 18,670.

Homicide was just one indicator of declining public safety, as the overall violent crime rate doubled in that same decade (Maguire, n.d., Table 3.106.2011).

In short, the period of rising crime accompanied a period of intense political conflict and a transformation of U. In Wilson’s analysis, the outmigration of whites and working class blacks left behind pockets of concentrated disadvantage.

These poor, racially segregated neighborhoods were characterized not just by high rates of crime but also by an array of other problems, including high rates of unemployment and widespread single parenthood.

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