In a literature review organized chronologically, you group and discuss your sources in order of their publication date, highlighting the changes in research in the field and your specific topic over time.This structure is useful for reviews focusing on research methodology, historiographical papers, and other writing in which you want to emphasize how ideas have developed over time.
This repeats until the lawyer has presented all the essential and necessary evidence to understand the situation at hand.
As the lawyer presenting your case, you need to organize and structure the evidence for your argument so that the jury knows how you think of your evidence.
Likewise, in the literature review, the categories and concepts or themes you use to organize your evidence help the reader evaluate your argument.
There are two primary ways to organize and structure a literature review: .
Once you have analyzed, synthesized, and evaluated the relevant sources for your topic, you need to think about presenting the material in a way that will best shape your argument and make sense to your readers.
Proper Way To Write An Essay Paper - Topics For A Literature Review
Think of organizing a literature review as a lawyer would present a case to a jury.This structure is considered stronger than the chronological organization because you define the theories, constructs, categories, or themes that are important to your research.If you have used one of the synthesis matrices described in the previous blog, you will be in a good position to organize your review thematically.First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies.For example, a literature review on theories of Alzheimer’s disease might examine the literature by first providing the earliest medical developments of treatment and progressing to the latest models and treatments.This type of organization is related to what is referred to as a descriptive review in which you sequence the review according to how your topic has been organized by others.Whether you choose a chronological or thematic structure, as you begin to write the sections of your review, remember that the transitions you use will indicate to your readers your perspective on the material.Good transitions connect ideas and paragraphs and help readers understand how ideas work together, reference one another, agree or disagree, and build on one another.In these types of reviews, you explain why certain information is treated together, and your headings define your unique organization of the topic.The sequence of the concepts or themes should be from broad to specific.